There aren’t many feelings that could compare to using an AR-15 at its full capacity. The amount of power this rifle is capable of displaying produces an adrenaline rush like not many other semi-automatic rifles can deliver.
To keep it at its optimum level, though, it requires proper maintenance. It takes a lot of time, but it is worth it once you’re out there with your AR-15 back in action.
Today, we’ll learn how to lube the AR-15 to maintain its performance for a long period of time without losing efficiency.
Preparation Steps: Clearing the Rifle
Before you start putting lubrication over the rifle, you must clear it first.
Over the years, many accidents have taken place while people attempt to clean their rifles. Don't rush it. Take your time to make sure to clear the firearm removing every piece of ammunition not only from the AR-15, but try to keep it away from nearby areas, too.
Better be paranoid and safe, than sorry.
To confirm the AR-15 is successfully unloaded, follow the next steps:
Separating the Receivers
To separate the receivers, you can use your fingers or a proper roll punch. You will be removing the rear take down pin and the front pivot pin. Place the lower receiver at a secured location.
Take off the Charging Handle and the BCG (Bolt Carrier Group)
Pull the charging handle back with a considerable amount of pressure until the BCG gets lose and you can remove it out of the upper receiver without resistance.
Disassembling the BCG
Take off the cotter pin using either your fingernails or a convenient pick. Then, proceed to get the firing pin out, and place it on the side. The firing pin should come out right after you remove the cotter pin.
Now, push the bolt inward into the carrier to get the cam pin in its default position. To remove it, you have to rotate the cam pin 90-degrees to allow it to pass through the gas key.
Once getting the cam pin out, you can proceed to remove the bolt.
Disassembling the Bolt
To get the extractor pin off the bolt, you could use a small punch or the firing pin you removed in the previous steps. Then, you will be removing the extractor and placing it on the side.
After completing all of these steps, you can start cleaning the pieces. The next part is to lubricate them.
How to Properly Lube the AR-15
Now that you have the AR-15 disassembled, you can start lubricating it. If you're not sure about what lubricant to use, it is highly recommended to use a substance like CLP.
CLP means cleaner, lubricant, and protectant. The first CLP was made by Break-Free many years ago. Today, there are many other brands using the name, too.
As the name suggests, these substances are outstandingly efficient for cleaning residues, keeping the pieces rust-free, and maintaining them well-lubricated.
A highly recommended lubricant for AR-15 rifles is Hoppe’s Lubricating Oil. It is an affordable product capable of delivering amazing results.
What Parts Should You Lubricate?
With many pieces, sometimes it is complicated to know which ones you should lubricate. When in doubt, follow one simple rule: keep an eye out to spot shiny marks, if certain pieces shine, put some lube on it.
That's one basic rule that most people follow, but it is not always the proper thing to do. We have created a small list to let you know which parts you should lube, and how much to put over them.
The following AR-15 parts need one drop of lube:
Rear sight, dust cover pin, front sight, forward assist, trigger guard/pivot pin, bolt catch, magazine catch, trigger, hammer pins, and the ejector.
Apply a light film of lube over:
The charging handle, the buffer spring, the extractor pin, and the firing ping.
The following AR-15 parts need a generous amount of lube application:
The takedown pin, the pivot pin, the carrier rails (near and far sides), bolt exterior, bolt lugs, cam pin, and the gas rings.
Lubricating the AR-15 is a complicated process that requires plenty of time and patience. Do it only when you feel like you have the time to take every part out of the rifle, clean them, and then lube them. Otherwise, you might miss certain parts of the AR-15, which could affect its functionality.